Additional Resources

The CAF Red Tail Squadron is proud to offer educational outreach resources to help educate and inspire people of all ages with the remarkable lessons of the Tuskegee Airmen. Interested in learning from other credible resources? Check out these links to other organizations featuring interesting educational offerings, recommended by your friends at the CAF Red Tail Squadron. All resources are free, unless otherwise noted.

Research papers

Further information about the details of the history of the Tuskegee Airmen can be found in the research papers of Dr. Daniel Haulman, who retired as Chief of the Organizational Histories Branch of the Air Force Historical Research Agency at Maxwell Air Force Base after having worked 37 years there.  He continues to research and write history. Dr. Haulman is author of  The Tuskegee Airmen Chronology: A Detailed Timeline of the Red Tails and Other Black Pilots of World War II and co-author of The Tuskegee Airmen: An Illustrated History: 1939-1949 published by NewSouth Books and author of many historical papers on the Tuskegee Airmen published by the Air Force Historical Research Agency, some of which he has made available here.

Learn more by reading the academic research papers below. See the entire list of Dr. Haulman’s body of work on the history of the Tuskegee Airmen and where to find his published papers and books.

TUSKEGEE AIRMEN CHRONOLOGY

“A Short History Of The Tuskegee Airmen”

“Fifty-Two Misconceptions About the Tuskegee Airmen”

“Tuskegee Airmen Condensed History”

“A Tale of Two Commanders”

“Tuskegee Airmen Activists After World War II”

“The Twelve Greatest Air Battles”

“Freeman Field Mutiny”

Twenty False Claims About the Tuskegee Airmen

The staff and volunteers of the CAF Red Tail Squadron are happy to help answer questions if needed for educational projects. Contact the main office for more information

 

The National Archives – African Americans of World War II Gallery

Find an incredible treasure trove of photos of African Americans in service during World War II.

National World War II Museum – Fighting for the Right to Fight

Participate in an on-demand virtual field trip featuring important historical lessons of the African American experiences of World War II.

Air Force Historical Research Agency

Search and find information about all aspects of military history, including extensive research by Tuskegee Airmen historian Dr. Daniel Haulman.

The Tuskegee Airmen Nurses 

The Tuskegee Airmen were not the only ones making history at the Tuskegee Army Air Field (TAAF) in Tuskegee, Alabama during the 1940s. The nurses who served on the base had to fight gender as well as racial discrimination.

Fly to Learn

A fun and unique way to learn about Science, Technology, Engineering and Math through the use of flight simulator software. Purchase required.

Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum – African Americans in Aviation: The 1940’s – A Decade of Change

This lesson will guide students to explore the challenges and successes of African American pioneers who established a place in aviation and the space industry for subsequent generations.

The United States Mint – Tuskegee Airmen Congressional Gold Medal

Learn more about the features of the Congressional Gold Medal that was collectively awarded to the Tuskegee airmen in 2006.

Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum – Barron Hilton Pioneers of Flight Gallery

Explore the formative years of aviation, including the technology and people behind the rapidly growing flight industry, and participate in fun online activities.

Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library & Museum – The Tuskegee Airmen and Eleanor Roosevelt

See copies of the original correspondence between First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt and Tuskegee Airmen Cecil Peterson.

National Black Chamber of Commerce – “I Got Wings” by Tuskegee Airman Charles DeBow

Read a reprint of a July 1942 article in American Magazine featuring Lt Charles DeBow’s first-hand narrative of his experience as a Tuskegee Airmen in the U.S. Army Air Force.

National Park Service – Before Their Tails Were Red

Learn about the Tuskegee Airmen and participate in online activities, courtesy of the Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site at Moton Field in Tuskegee, Alabama.

International Black Aerospace Council Mentoring Program

Submit your contact information to learn more about mentoring program available to black youth interesting in careers in aviation and aerospace.

Organization of Black Airline Pilots

OBAP is dedicated to the encouragement and advancement of minorities in all aviation and aerospace careers. Learn more about scholarships, training, mentorship and youth-focused aviation programs.

Legacy Flight Academy

Find out about workshops and camps for youth interested in aviation and aerospace industry careers, based on the legacy of the Tuskegee Airmen.

Online Education Resources

Recommended books

Scholarship information

 

World War II Units of the Tuskegee Airmen

Fighters
Purchase your Fighter Squadron patches here

332nd Fighter Group

332-FG

The 332nd Fighter Group was comprised of the 99th, 100th, 301st and 302nd Fighter Squadrons.

99th Fighter Squadron

99th-FS

The 99th Fighter Squadron was the first American black flying unit, and the first in combat, deploying to North Africa in 1943.

Origins: Constituted as the 99th Pursuit Squadron on March 10, 1941. Activated on March 22, 1941. Redesignated 99th Fighter Squadron on May 15, 1942.Aircraft: P-39, P-40, P-47, P-51

Operations: Combat in Mediterranean Theater of Operations and European Theater of Operations, June 2, 1943 to April 30, 1945.

100th Fighter Squadron

100th-FS

Origins: Constituted as the 100th Pursuit Squadron December 27, 1941. Activated on February 19, 1942. Redesignated the 100th Fighter Squadron on May 15, 1942.

Aircraft: P-39, P-40, P-47, P-51

Operations: Combat in Mediterranean Theater of Operations and European Theater of Operations, February 19, 1944 to April 26, 1945.

301st Fighter Squadron

301st-FS

Origins: Constituted as the 301st Fighter Squadron on July 4, 1942. Activated on October 13, 1942.

Aircraft: P-39, P-40, P- 47, P-51

Operations: Combat in Mediterranean Theater of Operations and European Theater of Operations February 15 to April 26, 1945.

302nd Fighter Squadron

302nd-FS

Origins: Constituted as the 302nd Fighter Squadron July 4, 1942. Activated on October 13, 1942.

Aircraft: P-39, P-40, P-47, P-51

Operations: Combat in Mediterranean Theater of Operations and European Theater of Operations, February 17, 1944 to February 20, 1945.

Bombers

477th BOMBARDMENT GROUP, MEDIUM

447-BG

The 477th Bombardment Group was comprised of the 616th, 617th, 618th and 619th Bombardment Squadrons.

616th Bombardment Squadron

616-BS

Origins: Constituted as the 616th Bombardment Squadron (Medium) on May 13, 1943. Activated on June 1, 1943.

Aircraft: B-26, B-25

Operations: Never deployed overseas. Training took place June through August 1943, and January 1944 through June 1945.

617th Bombardment Squadron

617-BS

Origins: Constituted as the 617th Bombardment Squadron (Medium) on May 13, 1943. Activated on June 11, 1943.

Aircraft: B-26, B-25

Operations: Never deployed overseas. Training took place June through August 1943, and April 1944 through July 1947.

618th Bombardment Squadron

618-BS

Origins: Constituted as the 618th Bombardment Squadron (Medium) on May 13, 1943. Activated on June 1, 1943.

Aircraft: B-26, B-25

Operations: Never deployed overseas. Training took place June through August 1943, and May 1944 through August 1945.

619th Bombardment Squadron

619-BS

Origins: Constituted as the 619th Bombardment Squadron (Medium) on May 13, 1943. Activated on June 1, 1943.

Aircraft: B-26, B-25

Operations: Never deployed overseas. Training took place June through August 1943, and May 1944 through June 1945.